Do you need a multivitamin?

There’s overwhelming evidence that a diet rich in plant-based foods — fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, seeds and whole grains — is a rock-solid foundation for optimal health. Its other functions include immune enhancement, reduction in cancer incidence, inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis, and in the form of radiation and chemotherapy treatments in clinical applications [151]. Additionally, low selenium may cause ballooning of hepatocytes [116].

multivitamin for alcoholics

One option is high doses of oral vitamin B supplementation, which can help correct deficiencies without causing adverse effects. However, these supplements may not provide enough vitamin B1, which is essential for preventing a condition called Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE), a medical emergency. Therefore, doctors treating individuals detoxing from alcohol might prescribe additional treatments with vitamin B1. Although evidence is still limited, omega-3 fatty acids show promise as an excellent alcohol recovery supplement. A group of researchers from Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China recently published a large cohort-based study looking at the impact of niacin intake on cause of death in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Vitamin Deficiency Treatment In Heavy Drinkers

Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause weight loss, irritability, fatigue, and in extreme cases lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, also known as wet brain. Chronic alcohol use can deplete your body of vitamins and minerals by reducing your appetite, interfering with nutrient absorption, and impairing your body’s ability to use nutrients effectively. One 2019 study found that a significant portion of individuals with AUD admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) had vitamin C deficiency, with 42% being severely deficient. The research suggests that vitamin C supplementation, in addition to thiamine, should be considered for these individuals. Therefore, a conclusion regarding IV supplementation was not possible. High levels of vitamin D might increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

multivitamin for alcoholics

Naltrexone can help retrain your brain to be less interested in alcohol over time, while acamprosate, baclofen, gabapentin, and topiramate can all help reduce cravings for alcohol. Learn more about medications for alcohol cravings, and other ways to round out your support system in recovery. “Vitamin B3 is known for its role in converting food into energy, repairing DNA, and reducing cholesterol levels, which could explain its beneficial effects on NAFLD. However, it’s essential to approach supplementation with caution, as excessive intake can lead to adverse effects,” she cautioned.

Vitamin C

This document is prepared and intended for use in the context of the Canadian health care system. The use of this document outside of Canada is done so at the user’s own risk. A total of 396 citations were identified in the literature search, 382 from the original Reference List search,8 and 14 from the updated search.

However, treatment recommendations for elevated manganese level are currently unknown. There are various mechanisms of alcohol-induced hepatocellular damage [5]. The ingested alcohol is oxidized by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to acetaldehyde, which is converted to acetic acid by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH).

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Vitamins and minerals are substances your body needs to survive, grow, and work the way it should. Different vitamins and minerals have different jobs, affecting everything from your nerves and bones to how well your blood clots. Consult your healthcare provider if your drinking can compromise the medication or supplements you’re currently taking and vice-versa. If you’re having issues with your drinking habits, don’t hesitate to seek out treatment options to help you stay sober. In addition, mixing these substances can cause liver strain and gastrointestinal distress.

When you drink too much, you’re more likely to eat foods that are high in added sugar, salt, and saturated fat. Anyone who is struggling with a serious drinking problem should seek professional care. Examples of these include lorazepam (Ativan) and alprazolam (Xanax). People with vitamin C deficiency or scurvy may also have issues with wound healing, swollen and bleeding gums, tooth loss, and jaundice. The Stop Drinking Expert course is famous for dealing with the causes of problem drinking and not just the symptoms. Along with taking Glutamine as a component of an alcohol rehabilitation course, those who struggle with alcohol dependence may also benefit from a few other solutions to enhance the odds of soberness.

Promising findings for certain B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and zinc.

This is based on a 2,000-calorie diet, so if you eat more or less, you’ll need to make some adjustments. Signs of vitamin B deficiency in drinkers may include fatigue, weakness, neurological issues like tingling or numbness, memory problems, and mood disturbances. Severe deficiency can lead to conditions like Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, characterized by confusion, coordination problems, and memory loss. Laura Morris is an experienced clinical The Missing Piece: The Spiritual Malady practitioner and CQC Registered Manager with over twenty years experience, over ten of which have been as an Independent Nurse Prescriber. She has held a number of senior leadership roles in the substance use and mental health sector in the NHS, the prison service and in leading social enterprises in the field. Supplements with anti-oxidative properties may help to neutralise metabolites of alcohol which normally have damaging effects[24].

  • At least half of a heavy drinkers calorie intake per day is from alcohol consumption.
  • Over time, too much alcohol can make your body less able to absorb some of the important nutrients you need, even if you’re eating a healthy diet.
  • For example, Van der Gaag et al. [55] showed that type-dependent alcohol had no effect on vitamin B12, but a fall in folate with spirits consumption and an increase in vitamin B6 with all alcohol types were observed.
  • A common indicator of reduced vitamin A in alcoholics is impaired night vision (Nyctalopia).

In this article, we review the nutritional therapies that health care providers should be aware of when treating patients with ALD. Vitamin C deficiency can result from low fruit and vegetable intake during alcohol addiction. Vitamin C deficiency is common in alcohol use disorders and can lead to additional health problems.

Chronic alcohol exposure sensitizes Kupffer cells to lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory cytokine production [5,11]. Additionally, alcohol can cause hepatotoxicity directly or indirectly through its metabolites by various other mechanisms. Edible plants such as fruits, vegetables, spices, grains, and teas have been reported to be effective against ALD via these various mechanisms [12].

  • Consult your healthcare provider if your drinking can compromise the medication or supplements you’re currently taking and vice-versa.
  • In addition, unlike vitamin supplements, no concerns have been raised about the safety of vitamins consumed in foods.
  • We get amino acids from protein in foods like meat, dairy products, and nuts, along with some grains and beans.
  • These antioxidants probably execute their effects through their ability to eliminate reactive oxygen species.
  • It can trigger irritable bowel syndrome, acid reflux, and other gastrointestinal illnesses, too.

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